What is the precursor?
How to prevent it?
What is a stroke?
What is the precursor?
How to prevent it?
What is a stroke?
Stroke is also called stroke. It is a collective name for acute cerebrovascular disease in Chinese medicine. It is suddenly fainted, unconscious, accompanied by skewed corners, unfavorable language, and hemiplegia.
It is caused by sudden rupture and bleeding of blood vessels in the brain, or brain damage caused by vascular implants, and hypoxia.
Clinically divided into two major categories of bleeding and fracture.
Hemorrhagic stroke includes two types of clinically diagnosed cerebral hemorrhage and subarachnoid hemorrhage. Patients with cerebral hemorrhage will most often show symptoms of recurrence, recurrence, paralysis of the half body, and even coma. In severe cases, they will soon die.The most common cause of internal hemorrhage is caused by rupture of intracranial aneurysm or rupture of cerebrovascular malformation. Generally, the disease is more acute and headaches occur. Most young and middle-aged people have it.
Synonyms commonly used in clinical diagnosis of large-scale stroke include cerebral infarction (or cerebral infarction), cerebral thrombosis, and cerebral embolism.
The general symptoms of systolic stroke are relatively mild, and the hospitalized patients are clearly aware of paralysis or weakness, paralysis, and numbness of the limbs.
With the rapid development of China’s economy, the improvement of people’s living standards, changes in lifestyles and aging of the population, there are more and more risk factors for stroke such as hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, and stroke have increased in China.As the first cause of death, its morbidity and mortality are on the rise, which seriously endangers the health and life of middle-aged and elderly people.
It is estimated that there are about 2 million new cases of stroke each year, more than 1.5 million deaths from strokes each year, and about 600 survivors after stroke.
7 million people.
About 75% of surviving patients?
80% will have varying degrees of disability, with severe disability exceeding 40%.
About 1/4 to 1/3 may be repeated in 2 to 5 years.
The medical community ranks it with coronary heart disease and cancer as one of the three major diseases that threaten human health and seriously endangers the health of middle-aged and elderly people with hypertension.
The main risk factors for stroke 1) Hypertension.
High blood pressure is the cause, stroke is the consequence, and blood pressure is directly proportional to the incidence and mortality of stroke.
The tension of the blood vessels of hypertension increases, that is, the blood vessels are “tightened”, and the elastic fibers of the blood vessel walls will be broken for a long time, causing damage to the blood vessel walls, and the plasma substances in the blood will easily penetrate into the inner membrane of the blood vessels.These will make the cerebral arteries lose elasticity, the intima of the arteries will be damaged, arteriosclerosis will be formed, the arteries will be hardened, brittle, and the lumen narrowed.
The adventitia and middle layer of the cerebral arteries themselves are thinner than the adventitia and middle layers of arteries in other parts of the body.
Based on the pathological changes of the cerebral arteries, when the patient’s blood pressure suddenly rises, it is easy to cause a stroke.
Diabetes is one of the predisposing factors for stroke diseases.
The incidence of arteriosclerosis in diabetic patients is 5 times higher than that in normal people. Due to absolute or relative insufficiency of β-cell secretion in plasma islands in diabetic patients, disorders of glucose, trace and protein metabolism are caused, with glucose metabolism disorders as the main cause.
Insufficient insulin converts glucose into a small amount and reduces the storage of glucose. A large amount of it is unfortunately broken down into triglycerides and free lipids, especially the increase of insulin is more obvious, which causes hyperlipidemia and accelerates arteriosclerosis in diabetic patients.
Blood lipid is an important substance in the human body and has many very important functions, but it cannot exceed a certain range.
If there is too much blood lipid, it is easy to cause “blood thickness”, which deposits on the blood vessel wall, and gradually forms small plaques (also known as “atherosclerosis”). These “plaques” increase, increase, and gradually increase blood vessels.Slows blood flow, which is interrupted in severe cases.
This happens in the brain and an extended stroke occurs.
Clinical observations show that obese people have a 40% higher chance of having a stroke than the general population.
Why are fat people prone to stroke?
Experts from the National Institute of Medical and Nursing Care said that this is related to factors such as disorders of endocrine and metabolic functions, increased blood cholesterol, triglycerides, and reduced high-density lipoprotein in obese people.
In addition, fat people are often accompanied by diabetes, hypertension, coronary heart disease and other diseases, which are risk factors for stroke.
According to domestic statistics, about 20% of patients with cerebrovascular disease can cause strokes.
Tobacco contains a large amount of nicotine. Nicotine can reduce weight and appetite, but at the same time resist and increase cortisol. These are factors that cause blood pressure and blood pressure to rise, and eventually cause the above reasons to cause stroke.
Precursors of Stroke Many people don’t understand the various precursors of stroke. Even if these precursors of stroke appear, they don’t take it for granted or notice it.
A large amount of clinical experience proves that only a few patients have no symptoms before the stroke, and most patients have various signals that are manifested by the transient contraction of the brain.
Middle-aged and elderly people may experience recurrent dizziness, sudden dizziness, and rotation of vision, and then return to normal after a few seconds. It may be a transient cerebral palsy. It is usually a precursor of stroke. It should be diagnosed and treated early to prevent stroke.
2. Limb numbness.
Middle-aged and elderly people have abnormal numbness, in addition to cervical spondylosis and diabetes, such as accompanied by headache, dizziness, light head, feet swelling and other symptoms, or history of hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes or cerebral arteriosclerosis,More attention should be paid to alert to the occurrence of stroke, sudden attack or unilateral limb weakness, exacerbation of instability, and cause caution after recovery soon.
3. Eyes suddenly turn black.
Sudden blackening of one eye and no visible objects, and it completely returned to normal after a few seconds or seconds. Medically, one-shot black and hazy is called medically. This is the most common symptom of stroke in middle and old people. It is caused by cerebral hemorrhage caused by retinaCaused by.
Another sign of a stroke is recurrent attacks, dizziness, diminished vision or double vision.
4. Price drops for unknown reasons.
Cerebrovascular sclerosis, which causes cerebral vasodilation and motor nerve failure, can cause ataxia and balance disorders, and is prone to decline. It is also a precursor to stroke.
5, speech is not clear.
When the blood supply to the brain is insufficient, the nerves of the motor function of the human body are malfunctioning. One of the common symptoms is sudden speech failure or articulation, or even not speaking, but the duration is short, up to 24 hours, which should cause awareness.There are also unexplained corners of the mouth that are skewed, that the teeth are not clear or that the tongue is skewed.
6, yawns constantly.
If there is no cause of fatigue, lack of sleep, etc., continuous yawning may occur. This may be due to cerebral arteriosclerosis and expansion, leading to chronic ischemia and hypoxia in the brain tissue, which is a precursor to stroke patients.
Stroke prevention and prevention Stroke prevention has already attracted the attention of medical circles at home and abroad, and medical scientists are exploring stroke prevention measures from various aspects.
According to the “China Chronic Disease Prevention Work Plan (2012-2015)” jointly formulated by 15 departments including the Ministry of Health, the increase in the incidence of stroke should be controlled within 5% by 2015, and the mortality rate should be reduced by 5%.
Stroke prevention mainly starts from the following aspects: 1. Timely treatment of diseases that may cause stroke and reducing the risk factors of stroke.
Such as arteriosclerosis, diabetes, coronary heart disease, hyperlipidemia, hyperviscosity, obesity, cervical spondylosis, etc.
High blood pressure is the most dangerous factor in the occurrence of stroke, and it is also a central substitute for preventing stroke. It should effectively control blood pressure, adhere to long-term medication, observe blood pressure changes for a long time, and handle in time.
2, found the aura signs of stroke, some patients often have blood pressure rise or change before the onset of stroke, headache, dizziness, numbness of hands and feet, drowsiness, abnormal personality, and other auras, take measures as soon as possible after the discovery to control, and go to the hospitalDiagnosis and treatment.
3. Eliminate stroke-causing factors, such as mood swings, excessive fatigue, and excessive force.
Pay attention to psychological prevention, keep the spirit happy, emotional stability, do or do things that are likely to cause emotional excitement, such as playing cards, rubbing mahjong, watching sports broadcasts, etc .; follow a regular lifestyle, keep the stool open, and avoid forceDefecation causes blood pressure to rise sharply, causing cerebrovascular disease; moderate activities, such as walking, Tai Chi, etc.
4. The diet should be light and moderate, and the diet should have a reasonable structure. It is advisable to have low salt, low feces, and low cholesterol. Eat more soy products, fish, eat more fresh vegetables and fruits, and less fatty meat and animal offalAunt Gao, high-salt (especially pickled) foods; quit smoking, smoking and other bad habits.
5, outdoor activities should pay attention to keep warm.
The indoor temperature should be adjusted in advance and the indoor air-conditioning temperature should be adjusted. It should not be too high to avoid the sudden transfer from a higher temperature environment to a temperature-replaced copy.
6. Stroke patients should also pay attention to avoid falling when they are usually out; get up, lower their heads and tie their shoelaces, etc. to move slowly; bathing time should not be too long.